Saturday, May 16, 2020

Gym Essay - 707 Words

What Healthy Senior Women Are Up To At The Gym Many studies out there show the benefits of seniors making a regular trip to the gym. In fact, the older we get, the more we need to keep our muscles strong. Sarcopenia As the years go by, the muscular cells in our body waste away due to lack of use or by the damaging effects of free radicals, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance during menopause, or mitochondrial dysfunction. All together, these factors are called Sarcopenia, the natural weakening of the muscles through aging. To reverse this process, progressive and regular use of resistance training was proven to increase mitochondrial and antioxidant production, balance hormones, and strengthen muscles on a genetic level. Why Is The†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¢ Tai Chi or Qigong - These types of ancient wellness practices can usually be found at your local senior or community center or even at the gym. They are great for balance, stress relief, and muscle strengthening. Because of the slow pace movement and low impact exercise, this is a very popular strength program for senior women. It is easy on the joints but still helps to strengthen your entire body. It also helps to keep you flexible and limber. †¢ Yoga - This is another low impact form of exercise that is popular with the senior community. Like everyone else, seniors can gain strength and flexibility through a regular yoga program. It doesnt require any special equipment so you can even do these at home after youve learned the moves or watch a video and follow along. One of the best thing about yoga is that there are modifications to almost every move for those who may have limited mobility due to health issues like arthritis. †¢ Water Aerobics - Many seniors can be found moving and smiling at the local pool. These water aerobics classes are great for strength training seniors without causing any injury. The weight of the water against the movement of the body creates a natural resistance training to keep the muscles strong without the jarring and joint problems. Another great aspect of water aerobics is that it controls the body temperature with the cool water, so no nasty sweating! †¢ Power Walking - Power walking is another simple,Show MoreRelatedThe Gym, As a Social Scene Essay1731 Words   |  7 PagesAlthough fitness centers and gyms may appear to be a place to break a sweat and work out with the intention of not being seen without makeup and in grungy clothes, this may not be the case, in particular when it comes to college gyms. Contrary to the findings Tamara L. Black displayed in her dissertation for the degree Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology from the University of California in Los Angeles, in which she depicts the situation of the classical fitness center as exercise dominated, afterRead MoreA Run in Someone Elses Gym Shoes Essay1025 Words   |  5 Pagesplace they can go to stay active and fit. Some examples of these varying gyms are LA fitness, Lifetime Fitness, and Cardinal Fitness. Each club has something different that they specialize in. As much as that is a good quality, some people have trouble choosing what the best gym is for th em because they have to choose a quality each health club specializes in over all other clubs. Cardinal Fitness is a very self-advocated gym. Their hours are from 5:00 AM- 11:00 PM Monday through Friday, and theyRead MoreGym, Health Fitness Clubs in the Us Industry Report.P Essay13388 Words   |  54 PagesWWW.IBISWORLD.COM Gym,HealthFitnessClubsintheUS June 2011 1 Working out: Business will stay strong as demand from health-conscious consumers grows IBISWorld Industry Report 71394 Gym, Health Fitness Clubs in the US June2011 2 AboutthisIndustry 2 2 2 2 Industry Definition Main Activities Similar Industries Additional Resources 16 International Trade 17 Business Locations TaylorHamilton 30 KeyStatistics 30 Industry Data 30 Annual Change 30 Key Ratios 19Read MoreGym Essay2126 Words   |  9 Pages------------------------------------------------- 1 ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Read MoreHow Effective Marketing, Financial and Human Resource Management Activities Could Be Expected to Contribute to Fitness Firsts Success.1496 Words   |  6 PagesThis essay will be examining how Fitness First uses marketing, finance and human resource management to continually be an effective and sustainable sports organisation. Fitness First is the largest gym, health and fitness group in the world with more than 1.5 million members and over 550 fitness clubs. (, 2009) The Chartered Institute of Marketing defines marketing as â€Å"†¦the management process which identifies, anticipates and supplies customer requirements efficientlyRead MoreGym Dwellers Essay871 Words   |  4 PagesGym Dwellers Automated doors slide open revealing a multitude of fitness machinery and flooding the air with the sound of weights clinking and the synchronized rhythmic stomping of twenty pairs of Nikes hitting the floor simultaneously in the step aerobics class; it’s time to get physical. On any given day, at any time, in gyms all across America the same scene is played out, (Guy). A handful of muscle bound jocks, serious about competitive weight lifting, can be seen spotting each other in theRead More Gym Observation Essay1676 Words   |  7 Pagesinteraction between the participants in the gym was something that I hadnt paid enough attention to in the past, from the distance I could see that their interests. The intimate couples that I noticed in the gym seemed again sought to have created a private space for them by erecting invisible barriers through their private body language directed only at each other, resulting in considerable more space between these couples and other groups o f people in the gym. It was a clear and present body languageRead More Descriptive Essay on Basketball Gym696 Words   |  3 Pages The gym where I practice to win, the YMCA, is a place where I know who I am. It is a place I can go to escape my problems for awhile and release some stress. It is not the actual physical building, but rather the events that have occurred over the years. It is where I have formed some of the closest friendships. It is the place I have invested years of hard work for many of my accomplishments. To some it may seem odd that a place associated with sweat and physical pain can mean so much to oneRead MorePersuasive Essay : Gym Class1248 Words   |  5 PagesThis was his second year at Jamesville High, and despite this, he still didn t know which peg hole suited him. Last year blew past like a blur, though it did have moments when time seemed to creep along, like some wishfully forgettable moments in gym class. Unwilling and unable to accomplish the mi nimally pathetic goals of Coach Peterson s PE class, he d hidden in the bathrooms. At least until the red-eyed coach dragged him onto the worn plank floors of the gymnasium. There, under the unrelentingRead MoreDescriptive Essay About Gym1675 Words   |  7 PagesAs I got an invitation to go to open gym with my friends, my main thoughts were, â€Å"I hope I can get some new skills tonight.† Little did I know, my thoughts about four hours later would be, â€Å"I have never been so upset, angry, or disappointed in my life.† As I walked into the cold, noisy gym, I was prepared to achieve my round off back handspring back tuck. I assured myself that I would be able to do it successfully. I wished that the ground was as soft and comforting as the dark trampoline with orange

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ecological Concern in International Business - 6824 Words

In this globalization era many industries seek expansion not just limited to their own nation but to go international and seek new market for their products and services. The environmental standards and norms play a significant role in determining the competitiveness of products and goods on the international market. Environmental responsibility is a vital component of a business strategy as it not only helps the environment, but it wins the trust of communities and gains the respect of the governments of the countries in which the business operates. All businesses impact on the environment: they emit pollution, they produce waste and use resources. Businesses, however, are continually being encouraged to improve their approach to†¦show more content†¦1. The ‘polluter pays’ principle (PPP) stipulates that the polluters should pay the full cost of environmental damage they cause. Environmental costs are often referred to as ‘externalities’ (for example, damage to health, rivers, the air etc. arising from economic activity) that are not incorporated into the costs of a product but are borne by society as a whole. By making the polluter pay the full cost of its activities, including externalities, the PPP provides an incentive to make products less polluting and/ o r to reduce the consumption of polluting goods. The internalization of external costs can be met through the use of market-based, policy instruments. 2. The prevention principle involves changes to products and processes to prevent environmental damage occurring rather than relying on remedial action to repair the damage after it has taken place. This implies the development of ‘clean technologies’; minimal use of natural resources; minimal releases into the atmosphere, water and soil; and maximization of the recyclability and lifespan of products. 3. The precautionary principle acknowledges that our understanding of the ecology and environmental processes is, at best, incomplete and constantly evolving. Policy is therefore formulated againstShow MoreRelatedStrengths and the Weaknesses of Environmental Management System804 Words   |  3 PagesIn the contemporary business world, the changing consumer demand, rising consumer’s social expectation of businesses and government set to tighten regulation have urged environmental management. Environmental Management Systems (EMSs) are strategic management tools that outline the way an organization will address its impacts on the natural environment (Feng et al. 2014, 2901). One business main activities including day-to-day operations, long-term planning as well as other quality management systemsRead MoreThe Church And Its Impact On The Environment1509 Words   |  7 Pagesadherents are participating to a significant extent in the ever increasing ethical concern of the enviro nment, in compliance with Church teaching. The environment is quickly becoming one of the greatest topics of debate in modern times as the impacts of climate change and deforestation become more and more apparent to the world, and is arguably man’s next greatest ethical concern. Regardless of one’s stance on ecological issues it is hard to argue that a change in our behaviour isn’t needed to preventRead MoreExplicit Organizational Values: The Volkswagen Company658 Words   |  3 Pagestraditional vision of modern business: economic success. It provides a commitment to the community at the local, regional, national, international, and global levels. 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They prefer environmentRead MoreInternational Political Market Values And Subsequent Free Trade Agreements869 Words   |  4 PagesIn relations, international liberal market values and subsequent free trade agreements are at the forefront of economic globalization. As the global markets and economic competition intensifies, nations move towards trad e liberalization. International trade agreements by extension of economic globalization are more often prioritized before environmental agreements. In fact it is evident that environmental policy is rarely prioritized over economic growth. The neo-liberal market ideals have encouragedRead MoreCharacteristics of Green Business Essay1522 Words   |  7 Pages1.-INTRODUCTION: Without doubt the XXI century has changed our priorities, especially when it comes to the way we do business. Popular sustainable business models, as advertised in the media, have evolved into much more than a moral obligation or an external requirement to generate money. Essentially, are forcing companies to reinvent the systems and approaches with which they generate value and profitability to the company. Important companies like Shell, DuPont, BP has been reorganised toRead MoreAnalysis : Cannibals With Forks The Triple Bottom Line Of 21st Century Business Essay912 Words   |  4 PagesTriple bottom line (shortened TBL/ 3BL) is a bookkeeping context in 3 parts: Social, Environmental (or ecological) and Financial. They are also known as 3 P’s - People, Planet and Profit, or â€Å"3 supports of sustainability. ANALYSIS, CHALLENGES CONFLICTS An expression created in 1994 by John Elkington then later used in his 1997 book Cannibals With Forks: The Triple Bottom Line Of 21st Century Business telling the distinct financial, social and environmental bottom lines of establishments. TBL measuresRead MoreAnalysis Of The Article For The Life Worth Having 1550 Words   |  7 Pageslink between economic and environmental health in the small regions and centres of New Zealand. Journalist and Commentator Rod Oram reflected on the conference in his newspaper column in November 2014, arguing that New Zealand often focuses on international influences in relation to economic, environmental and social development, that it doesn’t always work especially for smaller communities (Oram, 2014). This essay will begin by highlighting the main points in Oram’s article, especially focusingRead MoreA Brief Note On The Cold Stone Creamery Essay905 Words   |  4 Pagesserved in America. Their ice cream is made daily and always offer an unforgettable experience, which makes consumers come back for more (2016, August). During 2011, Cold Stone Creamery had put into place a more aggressive approach with entering an International Market. The company s growth plan included the signing of new partners in three new countries. The first expansion was Singapore and Malaysia; this would be a master partner who is directly in control of food and beverage as well as the bestRead MoreThe Impact Of Globalization On The Auto Parts Industry1194 Words   |  5 Pagestheir operation from domestic market to international market. Shanghai, which is the China’s largest commercial and industrial city, focuses on 6 major industries which are information technology, automobile, large-scale electromechanical equipment, petrochemicals, heavy manufacturing and biopharmaceutical products ( With the virtually unlimited well-educated labour resources and the unique international location, Shanghai is considered the fastest

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Dworkins Belief of Preferential Treatment Essay Example For Students

Dworkins Belief of Preferential Treatment Essay Dworkins Belief of Preferential TreatmentFor many years, preferential treatment has been used to try to make upfor past wrong-doings to minorities. There have been many cases tried overracial discrimination, with verdicts of both innocent and guilty. RonaldDworkin attempts to argue that preferential treatment is socially useful and atthe same time does not violate peoples rights. This is wrong for many reasons;here I shall illustrate how preferential treatment hinders racial equality,violates peoples rights, and can lead to a lower opinion toward a particularrace. Dworkin believes that continuing preferential treatment will decreaseracial consciousness and the importance of race. This is the total opposite ofwhat truly happens. If a person were to consider Americas past, as an example,he would see how racially diverse people were. Now look around. Just walkingacross any given area, groups of people of the same race are seen walkingtogether. Most people do not notice this, but very rarely are groups ofethnically diverse people seen. Although there are no longer any laws statingthat there must be a separation between different races, people still practiceit unconsciously. Dworkin states that the long-term goal of preferentialtreatment is to reduce the degree to which American society is overall aracially conscious society (294). Preferential treatment does nothing of thesort. It was used widely in the past and still exists in some areas today. Ithas not reduced racial consciousness, but increased it by making people thinkmore about how many spac es are reserved for their particular race. Instead,people should think of what their chances are of getting something on account oftheir personal knowledge over someone elses, not even considering their race asa factor. This is evident in a blacks point of view of getting into themedical school of the University of California at Davis. Sixteen places are setaside just for blacks and other minorities, no matter how low their test scoresare. That way, minorities dont even have to worry about competing with whitesfor a position. This does not, in any way, reduce racial consciousness bysetting two tracks for admission to medical school, one for the minorities, andone for the majority. Mr. Dworkin supports the idea that preferential treatment does notviolate peoples rights. His argument is weak here because he attempts to provethis by saying that if two things do not violate peoples rights, then neitherdoes a third. The two things that supposedly do not violate rights are thedenial of someone to medical school because of their age and because their testscores are just below the cutoff line of admission. He then assumes thatbecause these two do not violate rights, then neither does denying an applicantbecause he will not reduce racial consciousness as much as an individual ofanother race would. By taking this argument apart piece by piece, it is evidentthat all three parts of his argument violate rights. Preferential treatmentviolates a persons right to be judged on merit and merit alone(299). Dworkinsays that another definition for merit is qualification, and for some jobs, racecan be a qualification. Given a specific job, certain human characteristics aremore desi rable than others. People with these preferred characteristics aremore likely to get this job. For example, a desirable quality for a surgeon issteady hands; therefore, a person with steady hands is more likely to get thisposition than a person with shaky hands. Using race in a similar example,preferential treatment would be just if there were a job where one race is morequalified than another. The problem with this is that there are no such jobs. .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe , .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .postImageUrl , .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe , .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:hover , .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:visited , .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:active { border:0!important; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:active , .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4c74a99704267489fa6ad92bb086ecfe:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Spatial Data Acquisition EssayDworkin says that denying a person admission because of his age does not violatethat persons rights, but then, is the individual being judged on his merit andmerit alone? No. It is therefore wrong to discriminate against someonebecause of their age because it violates his rights. A second objection to Dworkins belief that preferential treatment doesnot violate peoples rights is that people have the right to be judged as anindividual. Preferential treatment supports grouping people together accordingto race and then judging them as a whole. Dworkin agrees with Colvin when hesays that people have the right not to be disadvantaged because of ones racealone. Many colleges set cutoff limits to the applicants scores that theyadmit. Some applicants that barely fall below the line have much morededication and enthusiasm than those above the line, and would make betterstudents by these attributes. Unfortunately, these students are not evenconsidered because they are not looked at as an individual, but judged solely bytheir scores. Now imagine a situation similar to this where race is thedeterminant of whether a person is accepted or not. If a person were to beturned down from a college because of his skin color before he was given achance to be interviewed, the colleg e may loose a very smart student. Skincolor should not be used to group people because within one skin color, manydifferent kinds of people can be grouped together. A possible alternative tothis approach is similar to it, but with one slight changecreate a range aroundthe cutoff line where the students are considered on an individual basis. Thoseinside this zone with admirable qualities are accepted and those without arerejected. The third objection that preferential treatment does not violatepeoples rights is that a person has the right not to be excluded, disadvantaged,or denied some good because of race alone. In Bakkis case, Dworkin agrees thathe would have been accepted had he been a minority, but says that he was notdisadvantaged because of his race. He says that Bakki would also have beenaccepted had he gotten better test scores or had been younger, so his color isnot the only thing that kept him from being accepted. Here, Dworkin iscomparing apples and oranges. A persons color is no determinant of whether heshould be suitable for a job, and neither should his age (although I will notdiscuss this here). His knowledge is what is important. A doctor should not beturned away because of his race or because he may be a few years older thananother, but he may very well be turned away because he is not performing hisjob to the necessary degree because he lacks the needed knowledge. A personscolor or age has n othing to do with his intelligence. This is yet another weakargument given by Dworkin. One more disadvantage to preferential treatment is how people feel whenthey work with people who have been helped by preferential treatment. If ablack man were to apply to medical school and be accepted only because of hisskin color, what kind of business would he run if he were to make it out ofmedical school for the same reasons? There would be a great disadvantage togiving him a little extra leeway because of his race. During college, he mightnot try as hard on his studies because he knows he will make it by and thereforenot gain all the necessary information to be a good doctor. Then, after hegraduates and works with other doctors, he may not only give his race a bad nameby not knowing what he should have learned in college, but he may also losepatients from being misdiagnosed. It is clear that giving racial preferencescan lead to great problems in the future, and should therefore not be used. .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e , .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .postImageUrl , .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e , .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:hover , .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:visited , .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:active { border:0!important; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:active , .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u929a133d1c953fba3928ccec15d0e91e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Extraordinary Science Of Addictive Junk Food EssayMany people have explained both advantages and disadvantages topreferential treatment since the racial injustice campaign began in 1954. Oneof whom is Ronald Dworkin, who spoke on the side for preferential treatment. Heargued that while decreasing racial consciousness, it does not violate anyonesrights. When trying to prove his side, he uses examples that areuncharacteristic to racial preferences such as race being a qualification for ajob. Although Dworkin argues his point well, he uses examples that just do notback up his beliefs as well as they should and do not draw a distinct line ofwhy preferential treatment shoul d be used. Philosophy

Saturday, April 18, 2020

The Role of Consumer Protection Agency and the Judiciary on Consumer Protection free essay sample

A consumer can be defined as someone who acquires goods or services for direct use or ownership rather than for resale or use in production and manufacturing. Consumer protection  consists of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers as well as fair trade competition and the free flow of truthful information in the marketplace. The laws are designed to prevent businesses that engage in fraud or specified unfair practices from gaining an advantage over competitors and may provide additional protection for the weak and those unable to take care of themselves. Consumer protection laws are a form of government  regulation  which aims to protect the rights of  consumers. For example, a government may require businesses to disclose detailed information about products—particularly in areas where safety or public health is an issue, such as food. Consumer protection is linked to the idea of consumer rights (that consumers have various rights as consumers), and to the formation of  consumer organizations, which help consumers make better choices in the marketplace and get help with consumer complaints. We will write a custom essay sample on The Role of Consumer Protection Agency and the Judiciary on Consumer Protection or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Other organizations that promote consumer protection include government organizations and self-regulating business organizations such as consumer protection agencies and organizations, the Federal Trade Commission etc. Consumer interests can also be protected by promoting competition in the markets which directly and indirectly serve consumers, consistent with economic efficiency. In Nigeria, the major Consumer Protection Agency saddled with this responsibility is the Consumer Protection Council (CPC). Consumer Protection Council (CPC)  is a Parastatal of the Federal Government of Nigeria, supervised by the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment. Though established by Act No. 6 of1992, it commenced operations only in 1999, when its institutional framework was put in place. The mandate of CPC is to, among others, eliminate hazardous products from the market, provide speedy redress to consumers complaints, undertake campaigns which would lead to increased consumer awareness, ensure that consumers’ interest receive due consideration at the appropriate forum, and encourage trade, industry and professional associations to develop and enforce in their various fields uality standards designed to safeguard the interest of consumers. While using all legitimate means to eliminate the scourge of consumer rights abuse in the Nigerian market place, it is common knowledge that an uninformed consumer population cannot be effectively protected if they do not know that they have rights, what the rights are, and how the rights could be protected. On the other hand, businesses and organizations also need to be well acquainted with their obligations to consumers. Based on this, the CPC serves to effectively police the market, sensitizing consumers to their rights and responsibilities and at the same time ensuring that businesses are committed to fulfilling their obligations to consumers. This is all in a bid to ensure that the country would become a better consumer-friendly nation. Consumers are entitled to a variety or rights, and the Consumer Protection Council and other consumer protection agencies serve to create awareness of these rights. All of which must be insisted upon, and most of which are stated below: 1. The Right to Satisfaction of Basic Needs: Access to basic goods and services necessary for survival, such as food, water, energy, clothing, shelter, health-care, education and sanitation. Goods and services must meet the standard of quality promised such that there is value for money in the purchase. 2. The Right to Safety: Protection from hazardous products, production processes and services. The Right to Information: Provision of information enabling informed consumer choice as well as protection from misleading or inaccurate advertising and labeling. 4. The Right to Choose: Access to variety of quality products and services at competitive prices. 5. The Right to Redress: Compensation for misrepresentation, shoddy goods and unsatisfactory public and private services, including the right to adequate legal representation. 6. The Right to Consumer Education: Acquisition of the skills required to be an informed consumer throughout life. 7. The Right to Consumer Representation: Advocacy of consumers interest and the ability to take part in the formulation of economic and other policies affecting consumers i. e. the right to be heard. 8. The Right to a Healthy Environment: Habitation is a place that is safe for present and future generations and which will enhance the quality of their lives. On its own part, the Judiciary is defined as the system of courts of justice in the country, and serves to ensure that all laws regarding consumer protection are enforced and strictly adhered to, and stiff penalties are meted out to defaulters. The laws, terms and conditions regarding consumer protection are reflected in The Consumer Protection Council Act (1992 No 66), where control of key aspects of consumer protection such as sales promotions, advertisements, products and services monitoring and regulation are explicitly stated. For instance, in the case of sales promotions, The Consumer Protection Council Act grants authority to the CPC to verify the genuineness of all sales promotions, ensuring that they are within legal, decent, honest and faithful limits, and ensure their direct supervision. The judiciary metes out penalties to erring parties which could be in the form of suspension for a definite period of time, fines and/or direct prohibition of activity. These, to a large extent are aimed at regulating and controlling the excesses of manufacturers, advertisers and consumers and ensure that all practices concerned are within legal and permissible limits, and is especially necessary in countries such as Nigeria because the global crisis has made ready markets in developed countries to look for emerging markets with a huge population base to dump their products, and Nigeria fits the description of such emerging market. The judiciary, through the enforcement of The Consumer Protection Council Act (1992 No 66), which guides consumer protection, ensures that Nigeria does not become a ready market for unscrupulous foreign countries and companies to dump products and services.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

A History of Soviet and American Interests essays

A History of Soviet and American Interests essays In the system of international politics almost everything is strategic. Even the most basic analysis of international historical events can seem like decoding the rules to a complex board game. This is most evident when analyzing grand wars, such as WWI and WWII. Although states and state leaders may attempt to rewrite world order in the wake of such disruptive events, history has proven these efforts extraneous. It is highly argued, for example, that restructuring efforts following WWI only contributed to WWII. So why is it that the unplanned system following WWII lasted twice as long as the carefully planned efforts after the First World War? This period of history, formally known as the Cold War, is sometimes referred to as the Long Peace because despite four decades of hostility, the Cold War never manifested into direct military confrontation. According to John Lewis Gaddis, war was prevented as a result of the bipolar configuration of the international system at the time, geographical advantages, advanced technology, shifting ideologies, and game theory. In order to understand why the international system remained stable in the post-WWII world, it is necessary to understand Systems Theory. This theory provides the criteria for stable or unstable international configurations. In this way, stability is characterized by the structure of states and not their behavior, even though both play a role in stabilizing state relations. In systems theory, international politics can take on a bipolar or multipolar configuration. Bipolarity happens when two states dominate the international political system. Post- WWII settlements arbitrarily divided the sovereign nations that could have rivaled the U.S. or Soviet Union in population or economic might. This created an avenue for the domination of the American and Soviet spheres of inf luence the first true polarization in modern history was created (Gaddis 45). Unl...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

CONTRACT Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

CONTRACT - Essay Example The facts at hand clearly do not point to common mistake. The mistake that is relevant in respect of the facts is one whereby consent is negative because one party is under a mistake. As Professor Goodhart (1941) states ‘there is no breach of the law of contract which is more uncertain and difficult than that which is concerned with the effect of mistake on the formation of a contract’. In respect of the facts at hand the mistake that is relevant is the one of identity of the other contracting party. Generally the identity of the other party is immaterial. In respect of the claims of ES against the third party an action under tort can be brought about whereby the English Law principle of nemo dat quad non habet (you cannot give what you do not have) would apply and if the person who sold the goods to the third party does not own any right to them then such goods have to be returned. As far as ES and IE are concerned under contract if there has been an assumption of false identity then a claim of fraud can also be made against the rogue. Fraudulent misrepresentation in this respect would lead to the contract being held voidable. Thus if there has been a mistake as to identity of the person who was under such mistaken belief can argue that the contract b set aside on the basis that the contract was entered into on the basis of mistake and thus is void tthereby having no legal effects whatsoever. Thus mistake is a better option as compared to fraud (Lord Nicholls in Shogun Finance Ltd. v. Hudson 2. In respect of mistake as to identity there is necessity to distinguish between contracts that have been entered into orally and those that have been entered into in writing. After the decision of Shogun the courts have found that where the dealing between the parties is fact to fact, there is a presumption in law that the parties intend on dealing with each other. Thus mistake as to true name would not be a sufficient reason. In respect of contracts in writ ing, the names of the parties bear greater significance because of the need for certainty in respect of written contract. Thus Lord Nicholls in Shogun stated that ‘there is no magic attaching to a misrepresentation made in writing rather than by word of mouth’. The reason for the difference in oral and contracts in writing is because of the fact that the innocent party would be unaware of who is standing in front of him when entering into the contract orally. The courts have therefore been given authority to determine the intention of the parties based on the documents and without any presumptions to such intentional. An important decision in respect of written contracts is the House of Lords in Cundy v. Lindsay3 whereby a dishonest person by giving wrong address and name of company dealt with an innocent party. The court deciding in favour of the claimants stated the reasoning that the order form had been signed with incorrect name and the claimants were aware of the n ame of the firm and had the intention of dealing with them. However, the courts in King’s Norton Metal Co. v. Edridge Merrett and Co. Ltd.4 held that where letters had been sent by a rogue the claimant purported to deal with the person sending the letter and not the company. The main distinction between the two earlier cited authorities is that in the latter no

Monday, February 10, 2020

Reflective Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words - 3

Reflective Paper - Essay Example The biographical study approach was leveraged in the effort to analyze the entrepreneurship process from the point of view of Spreckels’ life as an immigrant and the evolution of his business enterprises. There are three steps to the method. The first step relates to the analysis of the family and ethnicity of Spreckels. The second step relates to the evolution of his business interests. The third step relates to how his immigrant status shaped his business life (Spiekermann 1-21). The article is well-written and makes use of the biographical study in a very structured fashion. It is informative and allows the reader to glean insights into the entrepreneurship process in general and its demonstration in the life and times of Spreckels (Spiekermann 1-21). The paper details the results of a case study involving the introduction of information technology into Fairfield University, detailing those aspects of the introduction relating to impacts on management and on the economic considerations relating to the acquisition and rollout of a vital pieces of IT, including computing hardware and networking infrastructure. Those two aspects, management impacts from the perspective of faculty use and economic considerations relating to the demand for the IT resources relative to supply and adequacy of the computing investments. The findings include that such exercises require extensive planning, and can be justified from the point of view of learning and efficiency improvements that offset the costs of the investments in IT (Tellis). The researcher detailed the study methodology within the paper in straightforward fashion, and that methodology had four steps. One is the design of the case study. Two is the undertaking of the case study itself. Three is the analysis of the data. Four is the derivation of conclusions and implications, and the crafting of recommendations for next steps (Tellis). The paper relied